Updated Aug. 31, 2021
If you want to be taken seriously as a content marketer, stop acting like a member of the PR team.
If you want to show that content marketing is a distinct contributor to business results, stop using only PR metrics.
Every time you use PR-centered metrics to show the “value” of your content, your content marketing program dies a little bit.
Sure, public relations and content marketing are overlapping fields, but they’re not the same. (I’m an accredited PR professional as well as a content marketer. I’m not arguing that one approach is better than the other. Though they may overlap, each discipline has different goals, which require unique metrics.)
The difference between PR and content marketing
Public relations, as defined by the Public Relations Society of America, is “a strategic communication process that builds mutually beneficial relationships between organizations and their publics.”
Content marketing, as defined by the Content Marketing Institute, is “a strategic marketing approach focused on creating and distributing valuable, relevant, and consistent content to attract and retain a defined audience – and, ultimately, to drive profitable customer action.”
Both PR and content marketing as strategic approaches aim to reach designated audiences in a win-win way. But content marketing goes one step further (that’s the marketing part) – to drive profitable customer action.
That’s why your reports must demonstrate how content marketing drives customers to act, and that action is not limited to an ultimate purchase.
HANDPICKED RELATED CONTENT:
Eyeballs vs. hands (PR metrics vs. content marketing metrics)
PR measurement revolves around eyeballs:
- How many people could have seen the content? That’s reach.
- How many people did see it? That’s impressions.
- How many times is the brand cited? That’s mentions.
Sure, PR measurement lightly touches on what the hands do – “likes,” shares, or comments. But that’s it for engagement.
Critics dismiss these eyeball-focused numbers as vanity metrics. They are not vain. They’re useful. They allow PR professionals to evaluate whether their strategic communications are achieving the goal.
But for content marketers, those eyeball metrics are vapid if they’re the only ones used. It may be nice to have a bigger reach, more viewers, and more “likes” (or “loves”), but those numbers should lead to some action. That’s the difference content marketers make.
Essential content marketing metrics
Of course, the ultimate goal of most content marketing programs is to get your audience to fork over dollars for your products or services. But typically, getting to that point involves many steps – and you need to evaluate how well your individual content marketing tactics help your audience complete each step.
How do you do that? Start by breaking the content marketing journey into four stages – each with its own goal. Then pick the most relevant conversions to measure in each stage.
Stage 1: See us
Your content needs to attract people. PR-type metrics can work well at this point because they center on observation and consumption, such as:
- Website traffic: Look at your overall numbers for the site and/or page. (Don’t be concerned with how the traffic gets there yet.)
- Impressions on social media posts: Identify how many people saw your content in their feeds.
- Video views: Document how many people began watching your video. (Don’t be concerned about how long they watched yet.)
Stage 2: Do something, anything
Once you have the audience’s eyeballs, you need their hands to take deliberate actions to indicate they want to connect with your content. Consider these metrics the first “conversions” analytics for your audience. They could include:
- Traffic from search engine results page: See how many people were persuaded by your headline and meta description to visit your site. (Don’t be concerned with how long they spend on the page – you just want to know they clicked something to get to your content.)
- “Likes” (or other emotive options) or comments on social media or blog posts: Quantify how many people were motivated by your content to react publicly.
- Video play rate: Identify how many audience members clicked on the video and began watching.
Stage 3: Trust us
With the audience’s interest piqued, it’s primed for this stage. You want the audience to trust your content, and your brand, as a reliable source. Metrics to evaluate this include:
- Follows on Twitter or “likes” on your Facebook page: Learn how many people willingly give you access to their newsfeeds.
- Clicks on internal or external backlinks in your content: Identify how many believed you would connect them to additional relevant and valuable content.
- Shares or forwards of content: Calculate how many trusted your content enough to distribute it to their friends.
- Tags on social media: See how many times an audience member credited your brand and wanted you to know it.
- Video engagement: Discover how much time a viewer gave to watching your video (as a percentage of your video’s length).
- Subscribers: https://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2020/10/measure-value-audience/”>Quantify how many people invited your brand into their inbox by handing over their email address.
Stage 4: Buy from us
At this point in the journey, the audience member converts into a lead or even a customer. Metrics could include:
- Lead-generation forms: Identify how many people were motivated to ask your brand to contact them about a potential sale.
- Traffic to sales-related pages: Analyze sales-page traffic to see what content marketing vehicles drove them there.
- Length of sales cycle: Compare how long the sales cycle takes with people who have consumed content to people who haven’t consumed content.
- CRM data: Evaluate available analytics to see how many customers (i.e., people who have made a purchase) participated in an earlier stage of the content marketing journey (i.e., subscribed or watched a video).
Don’t let your content marketing die
You’re a content marketer. Act like one. Don’t settle for eyeball metrics. Develop a thoughtful and well-detailed analytics strategy to better assess your audience’s content journey.
If you follow the four stages outlined above – see, do, trust, and buy – you’ll demonstrate a strategic understanding of content marketing’s value to deliver results for your brand. And you’ll have a more viable way to understand what’s working and what’s not to make your content marketing strategy even more effective. And that will earn your content marketing program more than a passing glance from management.
Cover image by Joseph Kalinowski/Content Marketing Institute